The P visa categories are reserved for aliens coming to the U.S. to perform in athletics or entertainment. There are several sub-categories under the P visa:
P-1A Internationally Recognized Athlete: For athlete that comes to the U.S. individually or as part of a group or team to temporarily perform at the international athletic competition.
P-1B A Member of an Internationally Recognized Entertainment Group: Allows a member to come to the U.S. temporarily participate in a performance for a U.S. employer or a U.S. agent.
P-2 Individual Performer or Part of a Group Entering to Perform under Reciprocal Exchange Program: For artists and entertainment groups to enter the U.S. to temporarily perform under a reciprocal exchange program between the U.S. and the foreign country.
P-3 Artist or Entertainer Coming to Be Part of a Culturally Unique Program: For individuals who come to the U.S. temporarily for the purpose of performing, coaching, or teaching under a culturally unique program.
P-4 Family of P-1, P-2 and P-3 Holders: Issue to the spouses and unmarried children under age of 21 of P visa holders. P-4 Visa holders may not be employed, but may attend school.
Essential Support Personnel for P-1A, P-1B, P-2, P-3 Visas
Essential Support Personnel who are an integral part of the performance of a team or an individual and who perform support services which cannot be readily performed by a U.S. worker, are eligible for the same type of visa classification as the team or the individual. Support personnel may include the followings:
P-1A & P-3: coaches, scouts, trainers and other team officials and referees
P-1B: front office personnel, camera operators, lighting technicians and stage personnel
P-2: stagehands, trainers, or those persons having critical knowledge of the specific services to be performed
The U.S. employer must file a separate Form I-129 for each support personnel. The petition must include the following documents:
Period of Stay
Unlike O-Visa’s, P-Visa’s may be issued on the strength of the individual or on the strength of the group as a whole. The initial period of stay is as follows:
P-1B: not to exceed 1 year
P-2: not to exceed 1 year
P-3: not to exceed 1 year
Step 1: U.S. employer or the sponsoring organization submits Form I-129 for the P visa beneficiary (the non-immigrant workers) with the needed supporting documents.
Step 2: If the petition is approved, the team or the individual who intends to come to the U.S. to temporarily perform in athletics or entertainment can apply for the appropriate P visa at a U.S. embassy or a U.S. consulate.
For more information about P visa, you may check U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services’ web page:
P-1A visa： http://www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/temporary-workers/p-1a-internationally-recognized-athlete
P-1B visa： http://www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/temporary-workers/p-1b-member-internationally-recognized-entertainment-group/p-1b-member-internationally-recognized-entertainment-group
P-2 visa： http://www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/temporary-workers/p-2-performer-or-group-performing-under-reciprocal-exchange-program/p-2-individual-performer-or-part-group-entering-perform-under-reciprocal-exchange-program
P-3 visa： http://www.uscis.gov/working-united-states/temporary-workers/p-3-artist-or-entertainer-part-culturally-unique-program/p-3-artist-or-entertainer-coming-be-part-culturally-unique-program